Drone fly in India 2020
Drone registration starts in January 2020 and after registration, you can fly your drone. India government open website for Drone registration
Technologically speaking a drone is an unmanned aircraft. Drones are more formally called Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) or Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UASes). Essentially, a drone is a flying robot that can be controlled remotely or fly autonomously in their Embedded Systems via software–controlled flight plans, working in conjunction with Onboard Sensors and GPS. UAVs are an element of an unmanned aircraft (UAS) system; which comprises a UAV, a ground–based controller, and a communication system between the two. UAV flight can operate with varying degrees of autonomy: either remotely controlled by a human operator or autonomously controlled by onboard computers.
UAVs have most often been associated with the military in the recent past, where they were initially used as weapons platforms for anti–aircraft target practice, intelligence gathering and then, more controversially. Drones are also now used in a wide variety of civilian roles ranging from search and rescue, surveillance, traffic monitoring, weather monitoring and firefighting, to personal drones and photography based on business drones, as well as video, farming and even delivery services.
UAVs were originally used for missions that were too "dull, dirty or dangerous" for humans as compared with crewed aircraft. Although originating mostly in military applications, their use is expanding rapidly to industrial, research, recreational, farming, and other applications such as police and surveillance, drug delivery, aerial photography, piracy, and drone–racing.
How to make a Drone?
The number of drones on the market is that all the time, but you may find that the drones currently on offer do not fulfill your individual needs. Luckily, you can design your own drone from scratch and create a unique, personalized gadget, tailored to your needs.
Whether you're searching for the ultimate drone racing partner or a drone that can withstand all the elements, starting from scratch you'll be able to create the ideal drone for you and it's also satisfying! In this guide find out how to create a drone step–by–step.
The equipment you need will depend largely on the type of drone you want to create but there are some key components that all drones require. The list includes:
- Electronic Speed Control
- Flight Controller
- The Drone Frame
- A mounting pad
- A micro SD card
- An RC receiver
Now you have the pieces there, it's time to put them all together! Read on to find out how to create a drone by quadcopter:
- Design a Frame
- Add Motors to your Drone
- Now, add Electronic Speed Controllers to it.
- Attach the Landing Gear
- Connect Flight Controller to your Drone.
- Control your Drone using software “Librepilot”.
- Take your Drone out for a walk.
Applications of Drone
With the users’ increasing interests in the drone technology have developed new application areas for it. Drones are currently working in so many fields and these robots will also be more reliable and useful in the future with continued advances in technology. Now they can carry huge payloads and support customers with longer flight times compared to older models.
Some basic applications of Drone technology are as followed:
- Aerial Photography
- Geographic Mapping
- Shipping and Delivery
- Disaster Management
- Weather Forecast
- Wildlife Monitoring
- Search and Rescue
- Law Enforcement
- Traffic Monitoring
- Security Purposes
- Military Use
Drone Categories in India
Registration is required for all but the Nano category.
- Nano: Less than or equal to 250 grams (.55 pounds)
- Micro: From 250 grams (.55 pounds) to 2kg (4.4 pounds)
- Small: From 2kg (4.4 pounds) to 25kg (55 pounds)
- Medium: From 25kg (55 pounds) to 150kg (330 pounds)
- Large: Greater than 150kg (33 pounds)
Drone Registration Laws in India
The Aircraft Act 1934 places UAs under the specific Aircraft concept. According to Rule 30 of the Aircraft Rules, 1937, the DGCA has the power to issue notifications to Aircraft Owners, issue specific directions concerning the operation, use, possession, maintenance or navigation of aircraft flying in or over India or of aircraft registered in India.
The draft policy for drone operations, published in April 2016, which is yet to become a law, has framed several rules, taking into account the drone's R&D and recreational scope aside from being used for surveillance and commercial purposes.
The rules for registration of Drone are as follows:
- All drones except those in the category Nano must be licensed and have a Unique Identification Number (UIN) issued.
- A license is required for commercial drone activities (except those flying below 50 feet in the Nano category, as well as those flying below 200 feet in the Micro category).
- Drone pilots must always maintain a clear visual line of sight when flying.
- Drones can't fly more than 400 feet high.
- Drones cannot be flown in areas defined as "No Fly Zones," which include areas near Airports, International Borders, Delhi's Vijay Chowk, State Secretariat Complex in State Capitals, Strategic Locations and Military Sites.
- Permission to fly in controlled airspace can be obtained by filing a flight plan and obtaining a unique Air Defence Clearance (ADC)/ Flight Information Centre (FIC) number.
- The draft guidelines provide for the cancelation or termination of the UAOP only in the case of any non-compliance.
The proposed norms are sure to provide a relief to eliminate the uncertainty of India's flying drones' legalities. Nonetheless, meeting the international trends which will encourage the boom of drone-based applications in the industrial sector can be invented.