How Many Types Of Sensors In Mobile ?

In this time lots of sensors make your mobile smart. There many sensors for different works and help in general life.

How Many Types Of Sensors In Mobile ?

The smartphones that we are using today are complex little devices that have undergone an amazing transformation in the last decade. Now they can work as a personal assistant who can regulate our heartbeat, track our movements and anticipate our needs.

Today's smartphones come with a range of sensors to promote a better user experience, provide enhanced worldwide information to applications around the handset, and provide powerfully and longer battery life.

Many of those coolest feats are performed on your phone by various sensors.


Proximity Sensors

The proximity sensor uses an infrared LED and IR light detector to figure out just how near an external element is to the phone. Seen while making calls, and when the mobile is kept to the face for making or receiving a call, the sensor detects it and removes the display of the touchscreen to prevent accidental feedback through the eyes.

Identifies when an item is near to your ear. Most widely used to feel when a phone is being placed at the ear of the users to shut off the monitor. This both saves battery life and avoids unintended touches to the screen.



An accelerometer measures acceleration, vibration, and tilt to determine motion along the triple axes and to determine exact orientation. Apps use this mobile sensor to decide if your handset is portrait-oriented or landscape oriented.

This can also tell if your phone screen is up or down. The accelerometer can also measure how fast the phone travels in any linear direction. Throughout the practice, this means that an accelerometer can determine a device's directional movement but it will not be able to accurately resolve its lateral orientation or tilt during that movement unless there is a gyro to fill in that detail.



Gyroscope also includes information of orientation and direction such as up / down and left / right but with greater precision such as how much the tool is tilted. This is where the accelerometer varies — gyroscope can also measure rotation, but the latter cannot.

It can tell how much a smartphone has been twisted and in what direction. Popular apps such as Pokemon Go and Google Sky Map use gyroscope sensors to determine the direction our phone is pointing towards.


Digital Compass

The optical compass which is based primarily on a sensor called the magnetometer and gives a basic orientation to mobile phones in reference to the magnetic field of the Earth. As somewhat of a result, your phone still knows how North is to move your digital maps automatically according to your physical direction.



The barometer encourages the GPS chip inside the unit by immediately providing data on the altitude to get a faster click. In addition, the barometer can be used to provide statistics on ‘floors climbed’ to a Health app for tablets. With both the advent of more precise indoor navigation, the barometer can help determine which floor inside an airport a user is on.



Biometric-based sensors provide improved protection standards through the collection and evaluation of relevant human metrics. Along with fingerprint recognition, scanning of IRIS (eye) and full recognition of the face.

Biometric sensors provide a more safe yet convenient way of unlocking phones and paying for transactions. In addition, biometric sensors can be used to capture heart rate and SpO2 (estimating arterial oxygen saturation) from users for use in a vendor safety program.


Augmented & Virtual Reality

Paired with the powerful CPU & GPU's of modern smartphones, the extremely accurate sensors described herein allow for the creation of very realistic and sensitive Virtual Reality applications. We allow Augmented Reality applications when the detectors are paired with a smartphone camera.



Our smartphones have a magnetometer which is widely known as a pointer. It can sense magnetic fields, so this mobile sensor is used by the compass app in phones to point at the North Pole of the earth.

The magnetometer is powered up each time you open Google Maps or Apple Maps to decide how the map should be. This system can very well detect metal so it is also used in metal detector devices.



Global Smartphone Positioning System (GPS) systems interact with the satellites to define our exact location on Earth. This is why we can find our positions on maps even after losing the signals, but the map itself is distorted because it needs the internet to load the data — this is how the map operates offline.

GPS is used in all location-based applications such as Uber and Google Maps.


Ambient Light Sensor

The magnetic sensor senses local lighting levels to change the monitor brightness appropriately. For Automatic Brightness Adjuster, this is used to decrease or increase the smartphone screen's brightness depending on the light availability.



The microphone is fundamentally a sound sensor that detects sound loudness and measures it. Even though various types of microphone sensors are essential, smartphones typically use micro – size electret microphones.

Other than making and receiving calls, it is used in digital assistant applications such as Google Assistant, Siri, Cortana, etc. for voice search and voice commands.


Fingerprint Sensor

The days of reciting passwords and patterns to open your phone are ended because many people choose to use the fingerprint scanner these days. Today the fingerprint sensor enables biometric verification to protect several smartphones. It is a touch-sensitive scanner, which electrically records your fingerprint.

The ridges in your fingerprints touch the surface as you put your finger on its surface whereas the hollows between the ridges have a small break. In particular, it tests the different distances and patterns on the surface of your finger between the ridges. This smartphone detector is quite helpful in applications such as mobile payment apps that require verification.



The pedometer is being used to count steps, and this sensor is used by the fitness tracker to count the number of steps that you take. Pedometers typically use the values produced by the accelerometer to track your activities such as walking and running.


Heart Rate Sensor

However, it is the heart rate sensor that monitors heartbeat using LED and optical sensors. The LED emits light to the skin and this smartphone detector checks for the light waves that it reflects.

Only if there is a pulse there's a gap in the light intensity. The heart rate is determined by measuring the light intensity changes between the minute blood vessel pulsations. Most health and fitness devices use this method to calculate the heart rate.


Our phones have so much technology packed into them that we take them for granted. Yet these are some of the most important mobile sensors you should be aware of. Seeing that smartphones are becoming day by day smarter and sensors are playing a major role in it, this list will probably keep growing and I will continue to add more.

What's Your Reaction?